The Special Political and Decolonization Committee is currently in a battle between developed and developing countries. This battle is currently being fought over colonization in outer space and space programs. While observing this committee, a new discovery involving asteroids was brought in, which complicated matters and heated this already intense debate.
A good number of developed nations, including the United States and the United Kingdom, are seen as having a monopoly over the space industry by smaller, developing nations. The delegation of India expressed, on behalf on developing nations that “developing nations don’t have funding for space programs” leading them, along with the delegations of Australia and Nauru, to form an alliance of sorts to establish an international body to regulate legislation and governing in space. This body would not only set new regulations as to the governing of space, but it would also aid itself to fairness on earth.
Currently, many small nations, including ones like Sierra Leone and Senegal, feel that simply being a smaller, developing nation should not mean they do not have a spot at the table in regards to space. “Being a poor country doesn’t mean we do not have a voice” stated Sierra Leone when speaking about this issue. Many if not most of these countries would like to develop their own space programs with their own independent space stations so as to compete and collaborate with already developed nations.
This discussion about the stratification between developing and developed nations was interrupted by a disclosure of information relative to asteroids and their value. An article was passed out to the delegations entitled “Research Shows Presence of Valuable Minerals on Asteroids Within Reach.” This article was written concerning a report created by the United States Air Force, NASA, and MIT’s Lincoln’s Laboratory as part of their Lincoln Near-Earth Asteroid Research Project. This article touched on findings that magnesium silicate, platinum, and iron silicate have been found in asteroids that are within our reach. This article quoted Administrator Charlie Bolden of NASA expressing his congratulations to the team responsible for the discovery and saying “Perhaps, they could alter the course of human history.” The article then called upon the United Nations to create a “level playing field” for both developing and developed nations to mine and use these newfound resources.
In response to this, nations reiterated their beliefs regarding the necessity for fairness between nations in the space community, along with addressing other concerns. Eritrea wanted to reiterate “the environmental aspect of future space exploration” and what we as nations should do to address the environmental concerns this discovery uncovers. Other countries, such as Norway, wanted to speak on the financial aspect of the discoveries saying “we should not sacrifice long-term achievement for short-term gain.” The delegations are still locked in the developing versus already developed nations debate and they are yet to solve the situation involving the well appraised asteroids.