The consensus once reached in the World Health Organization has broken down, leaving many third world countries feeling unaccounted for. “The different blocs are pitted against each other like politicians” said Afghanistan, commenting on the throat cut debate that is adding to the frustrations in the room. One of the most prominent draft resolutions, Resolution 1.1, seeks to control antimicrobial resistance through a multi-step plan that includes educating the public through workshops to create awareness, improving healthcare facilities and laboratories, regulating the agricultural sector to control spread of the microbes, a tax-reduction incentive program to compel companies to research antimicrobial resistance, and finally funding.
Many third world countries feel as though Resolution 1.1 simply fails to step into the shoes of developing nations and take a look at antimicrobial resistance through their eyes. “Some people are calling for a complete ban of antibiotic use on food, but for smaller nations, that just isn’t possible” said Madagascar, who believes that while limiting antibiotic use on agriculture may help eradicate the problem, as one of the most impoverished countries in the world, Madagascar believes that “food security comes first and foremost.” Ghana echoed similar sentiments saying that she “feels like people aren’t listening…antimicrobial resistance is a major problem in developing nations not developed nations.” Ghana also feels that there isn’t enough focus on developing nations in resolutions, stressing the importance of this in her logic that “if we can’t eradicate microbial resistance in developing nations they can never become developed nations.” Afghanistan agreed with this assertion, citing the fact that the current agricultural industry cannot support the 7 billion (and rapidly growing) world population.
Moreover, Resolution 1.1 cites usage of the Global Innovation Fund to provide financial compensation for research and infrastructure. The only caveat is that developing nations wouldn’t be able to choose where the funding given to their nation would go. Instead developing nations are expected to apply to the program and then can participate only after they are chosen. This plan doesn’t give developing nations much freedom or power in the fight against antimicrobial resistance, making developing nations less autonomous then they already are.
Ghana cites a major merge between resolution papers as a reason for the “understanding gap” between developed and developing nations. As tension grows so does the debate between third world and first world countries, we can only hope that amendments will be made to pacify the discourse.