Working papers are underway in the International Atomic Energy Agency as three distinct blocs are currently deliberating the topic of Iran Nuclear Negotiations, 2013-2015. As I spoke with the delegation of Ghana, I came to a better understanding of the subtle differences between the three working papers.
One bloc includes the Ghana, UK, France, and Belgium, and this group in particular is mostly concentrated upon humanitarian and agricultural sanctions rather than economic ones. Ghana in particular believes that Iran should fund the production of nuclear energy and in turn decrease its reliance upon oil. The bloc requests full transparency from Iran regarding its nuclear facilities along with the implication of regulated inspections, both planned and spontaneous.
This bloc also addressed the concern of the disposal of nuclear waste, and according to Ghana plans to coordinate a “multi-lateral international organization” to regulate waste within a single facility.
The second bloc includes the USA and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and claims that military intervention may be the best method to force Iran to comply with international agreements.
The third and final bloc is driven forward by Germany and Argentina. Their working paper has been criticized for proposing too many international organizations to regulate nuclear negotiations in Iran’s region, resulting in a lack of funding for each. The bloc persistently argues that a number of organizations working together will provide a “safety net” in the case of a potential crisis.
All in all the various delegations of the committee are working to comprise their differing ideas into coherent, negotiable ones in order to benefit the majority. “To ensure global peace, the Iran nuclear negotiations must loosen sanctions based on sectors,” says the delegation of Ghana, “and use an international task force to dispose of nuclear waste, as well as develop thorough forms of supervision.” This task force could present a new gathering of international powers which just might bring an agreement to the committee and their differing perspectives.